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The Session

Sessions are the life-blood of the library. Virutally, you can't do anything meaningful without one.

Creating a session​

Head over to the Configuration page to find out what are the session creating options available.

What can it do?​

... a couple of things spread into 2 categories:

Creational operations

  • create a Token or an Account via the create(what) method with what being a CreatableEntity
  • upload a Contract or a Json object via the conveniently named method, upload(what, ...args), with what being a UploadableEntity in this case. ...args are any additional info required to tweak the process (such as meta-arguments to control the parameters of the hedera transactions with) and/or any constructor arguments that might be required.

Retrieval operations

  • getLiveContract({ id, abi = [] }) - retrieves a LiveContract given its id and ABI info
  • getLiveJson({ id }) - retrieves a LiveJson object that was previously stored on-graph

Subscribing to receipts​

The session also allows to get notified of transaction receipts via the subscribeToReceiptsWith method. You pass it a callback, do some contract transactions and wait to get called like so:

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The above example also shows how you can cancel such a subscription via the Subscription.unsubscribe() method.

Also, if you were to Run the example, you could see multiple transaction receipts being logged. What gives? Well, only the last one is reflecting our liveContract.inc operation, the rest are due to the transactions being carried out under the hood for uploading the actual Counter contract (both with the file service and with hedera's contract service).

Emitting receipts by default, across the entire session, for all LiveContract interactions

In the above snippet we saw how one could emit an on-demand receipt (via the live-contract meta-arguments property of emitReceipt in liveContract.inc({ emitReceipt: true })) per individual contract method calls. That's great for controlling and keeping costs down, but what if we would like to have this behavior as default across the session usage?

To do that, you could either set the HEDERAS_DEFAULT_EMIT_LIVE_CONTRACT_RECEIPTS environment option to true or have its runtime counter-part, session.defaults.emitLiveContractReceipts, to the same value.

The runtime variant will look something like this:

const { session } = await ApiSession.default({
session: { defaults: { emitLiveContractReceipts: true } }
});

Following this, you could get rid of the { emitReceipt: true } meta-argument and just end up with a clean and more easily readable, await liveContract.greet() call.

caution

Setting emitReceipt meta-argument to true on contract functions that do not modify state will not have any effect.

pure/view solidity functions resolve to a ContractCallQuery that is being executed in Strato, which returns a ContractFunctionResult. The result of the contract call does not contain receipts or records as the call runs on a single node.